Women advance more slowly while men in women-dominated fields advance quickly.

Women working in male-dominated careers generally suffer slow promotion rates whereas men working in women-dominated careers advance quickly. It’s what researchers call the glass escalator effect.


Mother Nature Needs Her Daughters: A Homeward Bound Global Review and Fact Sheet Investigating Gender Inequality in STEMM

Prepared by Fabian Dattner, Homeward Bound CEO and Co-founder;
Dr Mary-Ellen Feeney, Jacobs Group (Australia); and
Professor Tonia Gray, Centre for Educational Research, Western Sydney University.
Compiled by Homeward Bound Alumni from 2018 & 2019

Copies can be download at https://doi.org/10.26183/5d22d5fbe2349

Online version here.

The glass escalator: Hidden advantages for men in the “female” professions.

Williams CL. (1992) Social Problems. 39(3):253–67


Gender Stereotypes Stem from the Distribution of Women and Men in Social Roles

A recent study that compared current beliefs about what characterises a good manager with beliefs of the past three decades found that people continue to ascribe stereotypically masculine traits, such as dominance, intuitiveness and emotional stability to good managers. “Think manager – think man.”



The Other Wage Gap: Why Men In Female-Dominated Industries Still Earn More

FAST COMPANY – You likely know that the national gender wage gap for women hovers around an average of 77 cents to every dollar men make and that the gap widens in male-dominated STEM fields.

But there is another equally persistent inequality: Men in traditionally women-dominated fields such as nursing, teaching, and childcare still get paid more.



A New Obstacle For Professional Women: The Glass Escalator

FORBES – First there was a closed door. Once it was opened and women started flooding the labor market and taking on the male-dominated corporate world, they then hit a glass ceiling—the unseen barrier that keeps them from rising to senior-level management. Now, they must contend with yet another advancement obstacle, the “glass escalator.” While women climb the ladder in female-dominated professions, their male peers glide past them on an invisible escalator, shooting straight to the top.



How have you experienced this gender fact in your life or in your workplace?

Share your story, or how your organisation has overcome this fact.

New research? Let us know.


It’s time to give women in STEMM a bigger voice. Share these facts with everyone you know*. Shout it out loud. Be heard. Rally together. Pass it to your peers, your networks and social circles.


* Steal the Gender Facts resources from our public TRELLO board. We don’t mind at all.